Gambaran Infeksi Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Pada Anggota Rumah Tangga Pasien
abstrak: Pulmonary tuberculosis transmission via droplet nuclei is a health threat to people who are nearby. The existence of patients with pulmonary TB smear (+) in the family is a source of transmission to family members this lainnya. This study was aimed to overview the infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosum in household members of the patient at Puskesmas Darul Imarah, Aceh Besar). Descriptive study used total sampling with 31 peoples, consisting of 12 patients were taken from the medical records from July 2011 to June 2012, and 19 household members of patients. Interviews with patywere done to determine determine the demographic characteristics of the patients in the form of status, length of diagnosis, medication oversight, adherence to medication, sharing a room with others, cover their mouth when coughing or sneezing, and dispose of sputum in the open area. Also conducted interviews with family members to determine the demographic status, history of BCG immunization and experienced symptoms of pulmonary TB. Tuberculin test used Mantoux. Most of the patients were men of reproductive age, was diagnosed with pulmonary TB less than 6 months before the study, had a PMO, take medication regularly, sharing a room with othess, do not cover their mouth when coughing or sneezing, and did not dispose the sputum in the open area. All household members who infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosum have a large household. Most of the respondents were women in the productive age, an immediate family member, has a history of BCG immunization and do not have symptoms of pulmonary TB.
Keywords : Mantoux test, household contacts, tuberculosis, transmission